It was established, then they changed it.
All I can say is, it was done, and they changed it.
It was a rash moment during another tough time—
a reactionary effect meant to teach a lesson.
Those official soviet atheists
scared the action out of them, our Congress
Cocky as bejesus, fearful of so much more than God
they changed it.
“With Little Ado, Congress Put God in Pledge in 1954”, by David E. Rosenbaum via The New York Times (2002)